1. Perform more legal work in-house, 2. Use Non-Lawyer Professionals More Often, 3. Invest in Legal Operations Capabilities, 4. Invest Selectively in Legal Technologies, 5. Unbundle Legal Services, 6. Focus on Litigation Matter Budgeting and Oversight, 7. Use Smaller Law Firms More Often , 8. Reduce the Number of Law Firms, 9. Be Judicious with Alternative Fee Arrangements.